This year, for the first time since 2003, that is for a full 15 years, which formed a completely new domestic industry, the main review of Russian cinema “Kinotavr” will be a competition of debut films. There are eight of them. But they were chosen from 58, sent to this year’s organizing committee. And the number of debut works this year for the first time in the history of the festival has surpassed, although very little (altogether 102 films were sent for selection), the number of pictures created by non-novice filmmakers. The splash (at least quantitative) of the debuts was not the least due to the fact that a couple of years ago the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation supported a record number of the first works of the authors. Among those supported were seven of the eight current participants of the Kinotavr competition. Many of them are already familiar to the festival audience, but a wide range of spectators are only to hear about these new names of Russian cinema. That’s why we decided to talk about debutants and get to know from them why they make films, who are inspired, how Russian cinema is judged, and what they need for further work in the domestic industry.
Vladimir Bitokov, «Deep rivers“
He was born in 1985 in Nalchik. In 2010 he entered the “Workshop of film and television directors” Alexandra Sokurova in the Kabardino-Balkarian State University (a graduate of the same workshop is Cantemir Balagov), took a number of educational works, with which he participated in domestic and international festivals. After graduation he worked for VGTRK “Kabardino-Balkaria” as a direct-air director.
At the center of his debut “full meter”, the production of which was carried out by the Sokurov Foundation “Example of intonation” with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, is the youngest son who returns home to help his father and brothers fulfill a profitable order for logging. During his absence, nothing has changed: overwork for the sake of a piece of bread, confrontation with the inhabitants of a neighboring village, the inability of family members to express love and understanding to the native people. And the river, which at any time spreads and wipes standing at the very shore of her father’s house.
«I never planned to do movies, except that, like many in my childhood, I wanted to be an actor. At the first lecture in the workshop I realized that I want to do only movies and nothing else. Why? Because it’s mine. The idea [of a full-length film] came spontaneously, quickly, but, of course, completely unformed, raw. It took two years to formulate a general idea. Now there is a film. On Kinotavr I wait for the reaction of the audience. This is the first show. The first film is in Kabardian. My first film. It’s very interesting how the viewer will appreciate how he will perceive.
In modern Russian cinema, in my opinion, there is one fundamental mistake – an attempt to follow Hollywood, some kind of cliche, which are completely inorganic to Russia. Russian cinema has its own way and it is necessary to go this way, not copy it. Debutant today does not have enough attention. Although, the emergence of a separate competition debuts on Kinotavr “- the evidence that the situation is greatly changing for the better, for beginners, the party. It is important”.
Alexander Gorchilin, «Acid“
He was born in 1992. He graduated from the course Kirill Serebrennikova in the Moscow Art Theater School, since 2012 he has been working at Gogol Center. He played one of the main roles in the film Valerie Guy Germanici «Yes and Yes“, Also starred in the film Serebrennikov”Pupil“, For which he was nominated for the” Nika “award in the category” Best Supporting Actor “. In 2015 he made his debut as a director with a documentary tape “#SOMMUNICATION GOOD“. The painting was awarded a special mention of the jury of the festival “Movement”. In 2016, as a co-author and video artist, he took part in the production of the opera “Iolanta. OPUS »(together with Philip Avdeev and Igor Bychkov), and also released his second documentary work “Russian Fairy Tales.” His first full-length feature film is described as a “silent manifesto of a generation of twenty.” Production of the painting was carried out by the studio “Elephant” Sabina Eremeeva – with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.
I do not know how decisions are made in life, so it turned out that I really like the video as an Art material, I like to work with it, but I might like the cake oven. But if you had in mind how it happened that I made a movie, then I do not know, I just got called one morning by Sabine Eremeeva and offered to do it. We did it. We do not have a very clearly structured movie, which has such a big big idea right now. It is a collection of experiences and observations of oneself, of loved ones. Although there was an idea to make a film about young people of today, not a genre, not a social drama about gopnik from the outskirts, not a comedy about students, but about such guys as me, like my friends, about guys who go on weekends to clubs, and on weekdays they sit at home with their grandmother or try to get rid of their girlfriend or boyfriend, try to understand themselves and what’s going on around.
I have a lot of favorite directors, so if you orient yourself, you will get a team solyanka. I just love them as artists and, of course, something inspires my work. As for Russian cinema, I do not have any assessment for it, it is different, as it is in all countries of the world. Something thoughtful, interesting, provocative, and something inappropriate, parodic, propagandistic or filmed for a rollback))). For debutants there is not something lacking from outside, there are shortcomings private, internal, lack of responsibility, fear, etc. Today, a lot of people, without any cinematic benefits, still shoot a movie, without money, without everything, and they get it. So all should suffice all, and if is not present, it is necessary to understand with myself.
Timothy Zhalnin, «Two“
He was born in 1981 in Novokuznetsk. In 2012 he graduated from SPbGUKiT in the specialty of “directing a feature film” (workshop Sergei Ovcharov). His film F5 became the winner of the program “Kinotavr. Short meter – 2013 “and received many prizes from other festivals. The debut full-length film tells about a married couple experiencing a crisis against the background of the taiga, where they go on a hike. The production of the tape was carried out by the studio “Artlight” and “Invad film” – with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. [/ I]
“In the beginning there was a theater. Rather, the dance workshop, which later degenerated into an experimental theater. Working on mixing genres in performances, he began to notice more often that the accompanying video was “more important” than what is happening on stage. This language interested me more and more. So I came to the idea that I had to go and get a trade in the Kinovuz. The idea of this feature film was born in the third year of study at the St. Petersburg University of Film and Television. I myself am from Siberia. My grandfather often took me to the taiga. There I listened to different stories from hunters and villagers. Stacked in my head some stories and have long wanted to share their sense of nature in those places. After all, the taiga, when viewed from the inside, is not so much an awaiting bear and a biting mosquito, as a metaphor for our life as a whole, it seems to me. Paraphrasing a well-known expression, I will say – one can get out of the taiga, but the taiga is harder to pull out of itself. In addition, in the film, I raise an actual environmental theme for the native Siberian region. For example, in the Kemerovo region, people are now taking to the streets in vain to protest against the construction of coal mines near their homes. Mining companies and officials do not hear them. That’s all I wanted to share with the audience: from the violence of people over the external nature to the struggle of man with his own nature.
If we talk about cinema, then I have directors who inspire creativity: Cockpit, Bob Foss, Antonioni, Ilya Averbakh, Bela Tarr, The Quei Brothers – this is the first who comes to mind. But there are certainly more of them. As for the Russian cinema, I am happy about the success of our author’s cinema at international festivals. It’s good that despite many circumstances, we often designate ourselves on the world cinema. For beginning filmmakers, in my opinion, today there are not enough full-scale studios for the debut film. From participation in “Kinotavr” I expect new acquaintances – it is important for further work. The rest is the will of chance. “
Olga Zueva, «In the area“
From 2006 to 2016 she lived and worked in New York. She received an acting education at the school Susan Batson, studied at the Faculty of Cinema at The University New School. In parallel, her studies were shot in episodic roles, for example in the well-known TV series “Orange – the hit of the season“, Wrote scripts and shot short films as a director. In 2016, Zueva moved to Moscow. I played in a short film Anna Melikyan “This mood, Adagio Bach and a small fragment of the life of the girl Lena, as well as the main female role in the film”Trainer“.
The action of her debut full-length film takes place in the native land of the director – in Vladivostok. Vova and his best friend Kisa earn money by engaging in illegal activities. Their life is spent on a wave of fun, in pursuit of thrill and short-term pleasures, until another order brings their friendship to the main test, forcing everyone to answer the question “Who are you?”. Cast – and Olga Zueva herself, and her boyfriend, actor Danila Kozlovsky. The production of the painting was done by the company “Mars Media” Ruben Dishdishyan – with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.
“The desire to make a movie came by itself. I searched for myself and found it in the cinema. The idea of my first full meter appeared around 2008. There was such a model, Ruslana Korshunova, I knew her personally. She committed suicide by throwing herself out of her own window. Her death made a strong impression on me. I started writing a script about the model world with all the difficulties and loneliness. “In the Area” is my second scenario. Participation in Kinotavr is an opportunity for me to show my debut to the professional community. And the film will receive media attention, which is good for the future rental.
I do not like to evaluate such things as “the current Russian cinema”. Moreover, there are a lot of “evaluators”, I would say too much. I do not want to replenish these ranks. Cinema is not a sport. In any sports competition there is a category, criterion, age or even weight. A competition in the movie I think inappropriate. It is important not to forget that the cinema reflects its nation. Americans shoot about Americans. And the Russians about their people, problems, habits, joys, fears, their culture or its absence.
In my understanding, the director should not be guided by someone’s creativity. Favorite directors are: Paolo Sorrentino, Martin Scorsese, Bertolucci, Cary Fukunaga, Sofia Coppola, a lot of them. And from our very love the Soviet cinema, kind and heartbreaking, such as “Scarecrow“,”White Bim Black Ear“,”Station for two“,”Burnt by the Sun“. These films penetrated me when I was a child and stayed there forever.
I think that any debutant, not only Russian, does not have enough faith that it can be possible to be a director and make his own movie. It is not as difficult as it seems from the outside. The profession of the director is elevated to the status of something unattainable. It is generally believed that the director is …. And they went into high-flown expressions. I shot my first film almost two years ago, and yes, it was very difficult. This was the most difficult thing that I did in my professional life. But the film is removed, the editing is completed, the film will soon be released, and the responsibility that was felt on the site, the lack of time and sleep left behind. But, for example, a single mother of three children has a responsibility, lack of time and sleep, a sense of loneliness and misunderstanding will last much longer than any director. Therefore, I remind myself of this, sometimes. “
Igor Kagramanov, «Let it be Lisa“
He was born in 1983 in Baku. Since 2004 he works on TV. He graduated from the directing department of VGIK (workshop Valeriya Akhadova). His thesis short film “Mashka“Became the best at several festivals. With another short meter “Everything in the box“He participated in the competitive program” Kinotavr. Short meter “in 2016.
The main heroine of the debut full-length film Kagramanov – Katya – lives with her husband and mother in a small provincial town and works at a local factory. Mother suddenly falls ill and wants to rewrite all the property for her son – Katya’s brother. Katya feels the injustice of this decision and begins the struggle for the inheritance. In pursuit of imaginary material well-being, Katya decides on the most desperate act. The production of the tape was carried out by the studio “Metronome Film” Arsen Gottlieb – with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.
“I decided to shoot the movie, because it’s the best thing in the world. The film “Let Liza Be” began with the fact that my friend and co-author Yuri Glushenkov sent a letter with an idea that I really liked. We began to develop it and eventually developed the story to the full meter. On “Kinotavr” I expect, first of all, the moment when the audience will first see my picture – this is very exciting.
As for Russian cinema, it is on the rise unequivocally, and in all genres. Debutante, if you talk about me, too, just enough – I was able to make a movie. And what other people do not know, I do not know. “
Anton Kolomeets, «Your tutor“
He was born in 1984 in Knyazhpogost (Komi), studied at the Novosibirsk State Theater School as a theater and cinema actor, then graduated from a director’s studio Vladimir Khotinenko and Vladimir Fenchenko in the VGIK. I took two short films, one of which was “Tonia cries on the bridge of lovers“- participated in the contest” Kinotavr. Short meter “in 2014. His first feature film tells about the relationship of a 17-year-old entrant and a teacher in foreign literature. Production of the painting was carried out by the studio “Marmot-film” Valeria Todorovsky. The ribbon was created with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.
«It’s hard to answer the question why I decided to make a movie, definitely. This desire does not form immediately. When I was at school, I watched a lot of nonsense on videocassettes, because there was nothing but two television channels. Through the cinema, I received the most information about the world. Then I had a desire to get into the world of cinema, I did not even think about choosing a profession.
I like movies Mike Lee, Stephen Daldry. Like Todd Haynes, Haneke, Ilya Averbakh, Bergman, Almodóvar. But I say so, that I want to orient myself on them, I can not. But they probably influence me even without my knowledge. If we talk about Russian cinema, then I think it’s all right. He has come to life in the last few years, he has spectators. What young professionals do not have is a community. We are very fragmented. All by themselves. And from this there is a sense of vulnerability and loss. You just do not know where to go with your idea, which doors to knock on. But, probably, it is natural. No one is obliged to help and support. He who emerges will come out.
My first full meter began with the idea of a short film for a diploma in VGIK – about a meeting between a schoolboy and an adult female tutor. Then I decided to postpone this idea, because it seemed too complicated for a short film. And how things went on, I already do not remember. I wanted to make history in an enclosed space, hidden from prying eyes. I finished the work on the film a few months ago and now I have only one desire – to show the film. I want the hall on Kinotavr to be not empty, and that the picture is well received. “
Mikhail Kukushkin, «Gift“
He was born in 1976 in Kurgan. While studying at the university, he organized a youth video studio “Most”, on the basis of which the Kurgan regional TV company “Region-45” was established, later became the director of this TV company. In 2005 he moved to Moscow, worked as an assistant director and second director on television series. In 2009 he graduated from the School Herman Sidakova on the specialty of “directing”. However, his way to big cinema began with producer. The first such project for Kukushkin was “Inadequate people“By Roman Karimov. Then he also produced “Shivers“And last year’s participant of” Kinotavr “the film”Dead lucky“Vadim Valiullin. In addition, last year, as a director, he published the Russian-American-Spanish co-production “A tree of bodies“(The Body Tree, director Thomas Dunne). For his full-length directorial debut, Kukushkin chose the story of a simple working pre-retirement age from the Russian heartland of Tolya Sidorov, who unexpectedly opens the artist’s talent and becomes a sensation in the world of contemporary art. The film was produced without state support – by the companies “Artlight”, “Invada Film” and Herman Sidakov’s School.
“At the institute, I got carried away by KVN, after the institute – by television, then there was nowhere to fall, but then I remembered that there is still a movie))! In fact, we always tried to shoot all sorts of clips on the video since the time of the students, then this hobby turned into the main work in the “Region-45” TV company in the city of Kurgan, where I started trying to shoot something game, the result is not for me I liked it, and I went to Moscow to study. The idea of my first full meter was born when my good friend on the television company Nikita Zhmakin sent his father’s book Sergey Zhmakin. It seemed to me that this could make a good movie. Now on Kinotavr it will be very interesting to see the reaction of the first spectators.
My favorite directors change with time, but now I would call the brothers Coen, David Fincher, Tarantino, McDonough, Louis Xi Kei. Of our – Gleb Panfilov, Boris Khlebnikov. In general, it’s easier for me to be inspired not by individuals, but by specific films or serials. And serials – art is even more collective than cinema, so there is not always possible to single out one author or director. If we talk in general about Russian cinema, then it “rose from the knees”, now it remains to learn how to jump high. Judging by the latest releases, in cinemas we can already compete with world cinema, which is already good. Separately, I want to rejoice for the fact that we are starting to gain popularity genre movies.
Debutante in Russian cinema is enough. Want to be a director – shoot! Previously, there were many technical obstacles, now the cinema can be removed to the phone, mounted and sounded on the home computer, so all restrictions are only in the head of the director. The only thing if you decide to shoot a full meter, it’s better that you have at least one person whom you trust and who could take on organizational issues. It helps a lot. “
Natalia Pershina, «Dead Swallows“
She was born in Gomel (Belarus). In 2001 she moved to Moscow. In 2008 she graduated from the directing department of VGIK, workshop of A.V. Novikov, in 2015-mastership of the scenic faculty of VGIK, workshop Yu.N. Arabov. Since 2006 she has been engaged in advertising and documentary projects. Since 2014 he has been writing scripts for Russian TV series. Her debut full meter, telling about the singer of the musical theater Sasha, who together with his friend Kulik go to a remote protected place for fishing and discover there forest spirits, is a mixture of mysticism and folklore. The film was made by Gorky Film Studio and “Airfilm” company – with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.
“I wanted to shoot a movie since I was 12, since then I’ve never changed my mind. Despite this, the path from admission to the directing faculty at 17 and up to the first full meter turned out to be very long (Do not do, like Natasha). The idea of the film came from a dissertation, which I wrote in VGIK – about the elements of a fairy tale in dramatic works. In the process, I concluded that the fairy tale is the ideal basis for a thriller or horror. I really wanted to test this statement in practice. And then a friend told me how the swallow was hanging before his eyes, this gave the first impetus to history.
There are four directors, whose creativity I focus on, not only in successes, but also in failures: Stanley Kubrick, Terry Gilliam, Werner Herzog and Francis Ford Coppola. And I dream to learn a visual sense of humor Roy Andersson and Edgar Wright.
Around it is often said that there are no good scenarios that our cinematography is in decline in comparison with the Soviet period. And I know from the inside that there are many good screenwriters-many, talented and intelligent directors-many, times are interesting now, and I think that sooner or later they will shoot. So, Russian cinema in the near future is waiting for the rise.
The debutant in Russian cinema does not have enough confidence. Few producers decide to invest in debut pictures. And from this follows another paradoxical thing: the debutant lacks the right to make a mistake. The directors who have taken place often have the opportunity to reshoot the scene, if something went wrong, or to remove two versions of the ending of the film. The debutants have no such possibility.
Recently I heard the phrase: “For happiness we need people close to the spirit, their support and joint plans with them.” So we can say that from participation in Kinotavr I’m looking forward to happiness: to find like-minded people for further creativity. “