Orvieto is a small town in the center of Italy. It is comfortably located on one of the numerous Umbrian hills, sometimes Orvieto is called a city in the rock. At the very top of the hill is the Upper Town, which is also the historic center of the city, while the modern quarters are located below.
The history of Orvieto dates back to the 8th – 7th centuries BC. For such a significant period of time, the city was colonized by the Etruscans, the Romans took the storm, robbed the barbarians. Orvieto more than once recovered after various wars between us. But even now, walking along its winding streets, it is as if you find yourself in the Middle Ages. He is known to the whole world thanks to the beautiful marble cathedral and white wine of the brand Orvieto classico.
From the view of this majestic structure is breathtaking, not for nothing is the Cathedral the main attraction of Orvieto! Unique striped walls, frescoes, mosaics, bas-reliefs, statues, pointed spiers of the main facade make the Cathedral of Orvieto the Mecca of architects, art historians, artists. Such a variety of receptions for the design of the Roman-Gothic building is due to the fact that several architects have built it consistently for almost three centuries.
The interior of the cathedral is amazing. High windows with stained-glass windows, frescoes, a carved bowl for holy marble water, forged lattices left in their places after unsuccessful restorations, though to a lesser extent, but still convey the majesty of the structure.
Location: Piazza del Duomo – 26.
Museum of the Duomo
The museum’s collection includes paintings, statues, objects of decorative and applied art associated with the Cathedral. So in the museum’s exposition there are huge altar images painted on canvases. The museum is located in the palace of Soliano and in the church of St. Augustine.
Location: Piazza del Duomo – 26.
Another popular attraction is the underground network of tunnels, caves, corridors and wells artificially carved in tufa rock. These premises were used not only for the extraction of tufa, but also as workshops or warehouses. And now here are various artifacts.
Wine cellar Orvieto
In the neighborhood of Orvieto, grapes are grown, from which popular brands of wine are made Lago di Corbara and Orvieto. Numerous wine cellars and distilleries invite fans of wine and gastronomic tours. Most of them offer not only tasting the wine, but also taste typical local cuisine. The most famous wineries are Biji, Palazzone, Castello di Corbara.
Necropolis of the Crucifix of Tuff
The necropolis was built during the Etruscan times, but the modern name was given in honor of the 16th-century chapel located next to it, in which the crucifix was carved from tufa. In terms of the city of the dead is a small copy of the city alive, repeats the bends of the main streets of the old Orvieto.
Piazza del Popolo
The People’s Square is the main Orvieto. The most famous buildings on the square are the Palace of the Captain of the People and the Palace of the Seven. Also on the square is the Church of Saint Rouha of the Romanesque era with beautiful frescoes.
Behind it towers the Tower of Moro – a beautiful building with a clock height 47 meters. Here is the strict brick building of the former Palazzo Braci, now converted into a hotel.
Palace of the Captain of the People
The majestic and noble Palazzo del Popolo was built in the 13th century for the newly introduced post of national captain, whose mission was to maintain law and order in the city.
During his history he repeatedly rebuilt and changed the owners, which negatively affected the preservation of interior decoration. But even today the magnificent arcades and second-floor windows echoing them are worthy of attention of tourists around the world.
Pozzo della Cava
In fact, the well of Kava is a quarry for the extraction of tuff of a special cylindrical form of the Etruscan times. The well was expanded and deepened in the 16th century under the decree of the pope to provide water supply to the city. Today its depth is 36 meters.
Location: Via della Cava – 28.
Well of St. Patrick
This stunning well was built in the 16th century for the city’s uninterrupted supply of water in the event of a siege. Its depth is 62 meters, which is comparable to the height of a twenty-story building. Inside it is built a special staircase in the form of a double helix.
On one chain, loaders and pack animals descended, and the second climbed to the surface, without interfering with each other. The magnificence of the building is added by numerous arched windows on the inner wall of the well, which extends deep into the rock.
Location: Viale San Gallo.
The fortress of Alborninos
The construction of the fort began in the 14th century on the idea of the Pope Egidia Albornoza, but was not brought to its logical conclusion. Today, from the fortress there is only a round tower and gate of Port Rocca. On the territory of the fort the city park is organized, and from the remains of its walls a breathtaking view opens.
Church of St. Dominic
The church was built by the Dominican order in the 13th century. Today, from the medieval building, there is almost nothing left, as the church suffered more than many from fascist ideas. The building was dismantled, and on the cleared place the Women’s Physical Training Academy was built in a rather minimalist style.
Claudio Faina Museum
The archaeological museum is named after the last Count Fain, who presented the city with a family collection of Etruscan, Roman and Greek artifacts. The museum building was also owned by the Faina family.
Location: Piazza del Duomo – 29.
The Etruscan Temple is located in the city park near the entrance to the city. Today from the temple there were only ruins. But on the remnants of the foundation, one can imagine what this building could be. Partially preserved a wide front staircase, rising to a huge podium. The temple was dedicated to the supreme god of the Etruscans-Tina.
The city theater of Orvieto, built in 1844, today bears the name of the famous local musicians Luigi and Marino Mancinelli. The splendor of the interior will delight even the most demanding visitor. Peru of the Orviet artist Cesare Fracassini belong to the special beauty of the painting that adorns the curtain, ceiling and foyer of the theater.
Location: Corso Cavour – 122.
Abbey of the Holy North and Martyr
The monastery is a complex of several buildings excellent in style, as it was built in different epochs. However, the walls of the abbey retained magnificent examples of frescoes in the typical Umbrian technique of the 13th century. Today, within the walls of the monastery, a hotel and a restaurant are located. The complex is located three kilometers from the city.