10 most expensive for life, but stunning countries

A new list from Numbeo, an online database website, shows which countries have the highest cost of living around the world.

1. Israel

Those who are flattered by the sacred places of the country and the landscapes of the desert should be ready to spend a lot of money on it. For example, eating in an inexpensive restaurant costs about $ 16 on average.

2. Japan

Although Asia, as a rule, is a cheap continent, the Land of the Rising Sun is a bit strange. The cost of living in Japan is almost 20% higher than in the US.

3. Singapore

For people planning to visit or move to Asia, there is no need to go to Asia, for example the Philippines.

4. Denmark

Although Denmark is considered the happiest country in the world, it is also one of the most expensive. The capital of the country Copenhagen is often called one of the most expensive cities in the world. Even local beer is expensive, on average about $ 6.

5. Luxembourg

Luxembourg consistently is one of the most expensive countries in the world.

6. The Bahamas

If you want to live on this pristine island oasis with the cleanest water on the planet, it will cost you very much.

7. Norway

Scandinavian country has one of the highest levels of prices for personal goods and services throughout Europe.

8. Iceland

The cost of tickets makes Iceland an attractive destination for millions of tourists every year. But the country. From a glass of wine to a meal in a restaurant – everything will be much more expensive than you used to pay at home.

9. Switzerland

Recently, the country dominated the list of the most expensive cities for business trips in 2018, and Geneva, Zurich and Basel – hit the top ten.

10. Bermuda

According to Numbeo, the British overseas territory is the most expensive place in the world.

Treptow Park – Memorial to Soviet Soldiers in Berlin

Berlin is considered to be one of the greenest European capitals. Vast parks for the recreation of the citizens. Perhaps the most famous of these is the Tiergarten, adjacent to the government quarter with the Reichstag in the central district of Berlin-Mitte. Tourists do not pass through the Tiergarten nor drive

About the same time with him (1876-1888) laid another large park – in the Treptow. Now his name in Germany, and in the republics of the former USSR, and in other countries of the world, is firmly connected with the memorial complex located here. It is dedicated to the Red Army soldiers who died in the battles for Berlin at the end of the Second World War. Only in this park they were buried about seven thousand – from more than 20 thousand Soviet soldiers who died during the liberation of the city at the very end of the war.

  • Memorial in Treptow Park

From the center of Berlin to the park it is convenient to get by train with one transfer – first by S7 or S9 train to Ostkreuz, and then via Ringbahn ring line S41 / 42. Here the lines S8 and S9 pass. The stop is called Treptower Park. The journey takes about 20 minutes. Then it remains to walk a little, Pushkin alley (Puschkinallee).

The military memorial in Treptow Park is the largest of these monuments outside the former Soviet Union and the most in the world along with the Mamayev Kurgan in Russia. A young soldier with a rescued German girl in her arms and a sword cutting a defeated swastika rises above the crowns of old trees on a grave hill.

Before the bronze soldier – a memorial field with other mass graves, sarcophagi, bowls for eternal fire, two red banners from granite, sculptures of kneeling soldiers – quite young and older. At the granite banners there are inscriptions in two languages: "Eternal glory to the soldiers of the Soviet Army who gave their lives in the struggle for the liberation of mankind". The sarcophagi themselves are empty, the soldiers are buried in the ground along the edges of the honor alley.

At the entrance, decorated with granite portals, visitors are greeted by the Motherland, grieving for her sons. She and the liberating soldier are the two symbolic poles that determine the dramaturgy of the whole memorial, which is framed by weeping birches, specially planted here in a reminder of Russian nature. And not only about nature.

In the guides and other descriptions of the Treptow Park, all sorts of detailed parameters are the size of the sarcophagi with bas-reliefs, the park area … when you are there, all this.

Retold and versions of who exactly was a warrior, who in April 1945, risking his life, saved a German girl. However, the author of the monument – the sculptor and front-line soldier Evgeni Vuchetich – that his liberator soldier has a symbolic meaning, and does not talk about a specific episode. He particularly emphasized this in an interview with the Berliner Zeitung in 1966.

The feat of Nikolai Masalov

Nikolai Masalov (1921-2001). The most common is the version of the historical prototype for the monument was soldier. A three-year-old girl was crying beside her dead mother in Berlin’s ruins. The voice of the Red Army was heard during the brief lull between the attacks on the Reich Chancellery of Hitler. Masalov volunteered to pull her out of the firing zone, asking him to cover it with fire. He was saved the girl, but was wounded.

In 2003, on the Potsdamer Bridge (Potsdamer Brücke) in Berlin, a tablet was erected in memory of the feat accomplished in this place.

Sowjetisches Ehrenmal im Treptower Park

Puschkinallee,

12435 Berlin

The story is based primarily on the memories of Marshal Vasily Chuikov. The very fact of Masalov’s exploit is confirmed, but in the days of the GDR, eyewitness testimony was collected and other similar cases throughout Berlin. Several dozens of them were collected. Before the assault in the city there were many residents. The National Socialists did not allow the civilian population to leave it, intending to protect the capital "the Third Reich" until the last.

Portrait resemblance and historical quotes

The names of the soldiers who were posing for Vuchetich after the war were known: Ivan Odarchenko and Viktor Gunaz. Odarchenko served in the Berlin commandant’s office. The sculptor sees him during sports competitions. After the opening of the memorial, Odarchenko happened to be on duty, and many visitors, who had not suspected anything, were surprised at the obvious portrait resemblance. By the way, at the beginning of the work on the sculpture he was holding a German girl, but then it was replaced by the little daughter of the commandant of Berlin, Major-General Alexander Kotikov.

The sword that cuts the swastika is a copy of the sword, which was owned by the first Pskov prince Vsevolod-Gabriel, the grandson of Vladimir Monomakh. Vuchetich was offered to replace the sword with a more modern weapon – an automatic weapon, but he insisted on his original version. It is also said that some military leaders offered to put in the center of the memorial complex not a soldier, but a giant figure of Stalin. This idea was rejected, from it, apparently, did not find support from Stalin himself.

ABOUT "Supreme Commander-in-Chief" resemble his multiple quotations, carved into symbolic sarcophagi in Russian and German. After the reunification of Germany, some German politicians demanded their removal, referring to crimes committed during the Stalinist dictatorship, but the whole complex, according to interstate agreements, is under state protection. No changes are possible without Russia’s consent here.

Reading Stalin’s quotes nowadays causes ambiguous feelings and emotions, makes us remember and think about the fate of millions of people in Germany and in the former Soviet Union times. But in this case, citations should not be torn from the general context, they are a document of history, necessary for its comprehension.

From the granite of the Reich Chancellery

The memorial in Treptow Park was erected immediately after the end of World War II, in 1947-1949. Cemeteries were transferred. The place was chosen by the Soviet command and fixed in order number 134. For construction, granite was used from Hitler’s Reich Chancellery.

A dozen projects participated in the art of competition organized by the Soviet military command in Berlin. Winners of the joint sketches of architect Yakov Belopolsky and sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich.

To make sculptural elements according to the sketches of Vuchetich attracted 60 German sculptors and 200 stonemasons, and 1200 workers took part in the erecting the memorial. All of them received additional food and food. In German workshops, bowls for the eternal fire and mosaics were also made in the mausoleum under the sculpture of a soldier-liberator. The main statue was cast in Leningrad and brought to Berlin by water.

In addition to the memorial in Treptow Park, the monuments to the Soviet soldiers immediately after the war were installed in two other places. In the park Tiergarten (Tiergarten), located in the central part of Berlin, about 2,000 fallen soldiers. In the Schönholzer Heide Park in Berlin’s Pankow district – more than 13 thousand.

During the GDR, the memorial complex in Treptow Park served as a venue for various kinds of official events, and had the status of one of the most important state monuments. On August 31, 1994, and a thousand Russian and six hundredths of the German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Germany, and the parade was taken by the Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Russian President Boris Yeltsin.

The status of the GDR and the victorious powers in World War II. According to this document, the memorial is guaranteed to eternal life, and the German authorities are obliged to finance its content, to ensure integrity and safety. Which is done in the best way.

See also:

Tombs of Soviet POWs and Forced Laborers

  • 17 frames of spring

FOR GERMANY • FRAMEWORK FOR THE PERSONNEL • PHOTOREPORTS

Non-existent ice cream: accidental “invention” of scientists

Of ice cream – sticky hands? Scientists have found a solution! And quite by accident.

After the tsunami of 2011 in Japan, the whole harvest of strawberries lost their market appearance. Professor Tomihisa Ota and his colleagues from the University of Kanazawa extracted extracts from berries – liquid polyphenol.

Scientists hoped to use it as a topping for desserts. But, when the chemists added the extract to the cream, they instantly hardened. So useless topping turned out to be an excellent binding agent – and scientists accidentally created an unbroken frozen dessert.

Now an Eskimo from Kanazawa, able to stay for an hour at room temperature, is sold throughout Japan.

The worst flood in Ankara in 500 years: video

Heavy rains in the capital of Turkey turned city streets into bubbling rivers. By now, there are six victims.

The downpour that passed in Ankara on May 5 was recognized as the most powerful in several centuries. Forecasters predicted that the rain will go for three hours, but the whole gigantic volume of water. This led to severe flooding; especially the capital district of Mamak, where several streets were flooded. Cars washed away from places, and the lower floors of buildings were flooded.

Catastrophic victims were avoided, but we knew of six victims: basically, they were drivers trapped in cars and trying to leave the natural disaster. According to preliminary data, damage was caused to 160 cars and 25 enterprises; Assessment of damage to the housing fund is still under way.

Now the city. At the same time, as weather forecasters warn, precipitation will continue until the end of the week.

How much does it cost to change the situation?

The most popular ways of cheating tourists in different countries

The majority of tourists, when traveling abroad, hasten to buy there, a souvenir for memory, a gift for friends and relatives. At the same time, many of them risk of becoming victims of dishonest merchants. So that you do not get hooked to scammers, we’ll tell you about the most common ways of cheating foreigners in different countries.

China

This country is known to the whole world, so you must not extremely careful. In China, tourists often come across fake pearls and silk. However, only those who do not know how to determine the non-original. For example, pearls need to look at the hole, you can see what’s hiding under the cover, or throw the pearl on the table. In silk, you need to find a sticking thread on the edge of the product, cut it and set it on fire. The artificial thread will melt, and not burn, and the ashtray will have smell of chemistry, and not burnt hair.

Singapore and Hong Kong

Since in these countries, tourists like to buy different equipment, the scammers are the most active in this sphere. First of all, always. And secondly, do not give money until the gadget you need is in your hands and will not be tested. So, a common deceit here is the scheme, when the buyer first took a fee, and only then allegedly went to the warehouse for the goods. At this time (in the hope that you will get tired of waiting, you are about the advantages of a different model, which is actually worse and is less demanding. And the return of a person from the warehouse can be expected forever, because in most cases, what you ordered, in this store simply is not.

Thailand

In Thailand, merchants, right on the streets, travelers to buy. Of course, the stones can be both real and fake. There are no guarantees, unless you are an experienced expert. However, remember that rough stones can not be taken out of the country.

India

In India, precious stones are also in demand. Do not believe the merchants who offer you to buy cheap stones from them, because they have exhausted their limit and can not be transported on the border your jewelry at a higher price. Of course, in fact, there is no partner, and the stones are likely to be a handful of glass.

All Asia

In any Asian country, it is better to always carry money with you, because the sellers do not often give up. Strongly do not give the seller a large bill, so he went to exchange it. Most likely, he will send an assistant, who you will no longer see. In such a situation, you should immediately threaten to call the police.

Egypt

In Egypt, a popular souvenir, which tourists like to take home, is papyrus. However, when choosing the place of purchase, you should never listen to taxi drivers or local street helpers – they will certainly advise the shop. It is best to go to a specialized store and be sure to ensure that you are issued a certificate.

Czech Republic

In the Czech Republic, foreign guests are deceived no less than in Asia. The best advice is to always check checks in stores. The cashier may well punch you an extra bottle of soda or a product you did not buy at all. And still "inattentive" the worker of trade more expensive mark.

Cuba

Cuba is famous for its cigars. However, it is better for you. There is a big risk that in the shop you will get the worst goods. Also, never buy cigars on the street or cheap. The best place to buy cigars in Cuba will be a specialized store, mainly in tobacco factories. Buying goods individually, be sure to ask that the box was opened at you

Plastic debris reached the Mariana Trench

In 2017, information was published on the amount of debris seen in the ocean over 30 years of observations. The base was composed of specialists from the Japan Marine Science and Technology Agency.

The database includes photographs and video recordings of plastic fragments taken by deepwater and remotely controlled devices around the world. A total of 5 010 dives were made, during which 3,425 plastic objects were discovered.

Then the scientists analyzed the collected data. It was found out that 33% of the found objects are macroplastic – fragments in the size more than five millimeters. Most of them are disposable items. On average, this category of garbage accounts for 89% of the total pollution, but at a depth of more than six thousand meters, this figure reached 92%. In addition to plastic, the ocean is contaminated with metal and rubber products, as well as remnants of fishing and naval gear.

At a depth of 1092-5977 meters, the debris concentration is from 17 to 335 units per square kilometer. At the same time plastic and other inorganic wastes have already reached the deepest point of the planet, the bottom of the Mariana Trench: at a depth of 10 898 meters, there are bags and cans.

In the study, only deep-sea examples were considered: it is the deep layers of water that became the "final point" of the movement of floating fragments of plastic debris. However, the surface layers are as polluted as they are – not only the oceans, but even the alpine lakes, which were formerly a standard of clean water.

200-meter crack appeared in New Zealand overnight: video

A giant failure occurred 17 kilometers from the city of Rotorua on the territory of a local farm. According to her manager, the failure occurred on the night of April 29th.

A funnel was discovered by one of the farm workers when, on Monday morning, drove the herd to milking. Fortunately, no one was hurt because of the opening was reduced by tens of square meters. The owner of the farm intends to enclose the failure of the fence: on, to fall asleep.

The depth of the karst crater, which was nicknamed the Grand Canyon of Rotorua, is about 20 meters, the length is 200 meters, the width of some places reaches 30 meters. It could fit a six-story house.

Such karst funnels are formed when water dissolves and flushes rocks (in this case – limestone) that is underground. Over time, then, collapses or settles.

The gorge that arose overnight did not surprise the locals very much: there are nine similar ones in the district, most of them were formed in the last couple of years.

However, so large did not know the owner of the land. The Grand Canyon of Rotorua have appeared for another century, but in this case, heavy rains played a role: at the end of April, there were 170 mm of precipitation in 38 hours.

The study of the new funnel will take specialists from the New Zealand Royal Research Institute.

London Airport celebrated Star Wars Day

The passengers were surprised by the changes.

On the scoreboard of Heathrow the flights appeared new directions to the distant space: Tatooine, Giacca, Endor and Hot. The flight to Alderaan was canceled for the known to the fans of Star Wars (the planet was destroyed by the Death Star), and the flight to Kessel was marked as ultra short: "Now closer than 12 parsecs." The airport is also available. The Star Wars Day is celebrated around the world on May 4, and it’s no coincidence: the English of the date "May, the fourth" is consonant with the beginning of "May the force be with you"(" May force be with you ") from the movie theater.

Remote stand for this guest. I’ll leave the droid outside until I see some ID @HeathrowAirport # MayThe4thBeWithYou pic.twitter.com/M2nIat3KrI

– Jonathan Hillyer (@Junipah) May 4, 2018

During the search for aircraft

Ships were discovered 2,300 kilometers off the west coast of Australia.

The search for the missing plane Malaysia Airlines MN370 led to the discovery of ships carrying coal. Studies of the History of the Australian Museum. The Maritime Executive publishes the words of the curator of the department Ross Anderson: "Ships found at a depth of 3,800 meters. We used the data of videotapes, echolocation and documents of that time and confirmed that we have wooden and metal ships filled with coal in front of us. "

According to scientists, ships sank because of a catastrophe: an explosion or a fire, which often happened on the ships with coal. Specialists are still at a loss to say which ships they were, as these waters were actively used by merchant ships in the 19th century. Experts often find places of shipwrecks, more than 3 million ships rest on the seabed, which are still waiting for their researchers.

The most beautiful places in our country

1. Lake Baikal

"Fresh Sea", "Brilliant of the Earth" and "Blue Eye of Siberia" – as soon as as Baikal is not called, the deepest lake in the world. It’s easy to realize that a person is just a grain of sand in this world: so Baikal amazes with its size.

The surrounding nature surprises no less – according to biologists, the number of rare plants is Galapagos Islands. You can go here at any time of the year: in the summer – for relaxing on the beach and incredible sunsets, in the winter – for unique snow landscapes and skiing.

2. Altai

If you want to go really far from civilization, then you are in Altai. This is a real place for contrasts: while the sun shines in one part, permafrost reigns in the other.

Mountains, caves, valleys, waterfalls, rivers and lakes – Altai is famous for its multifaceted nature. To find harmony with the surrounding world will help the local people: the rhythm of their lives depends on the change of seasons, so they are able to make friends with nature. They say that they are both hectic and heal.

3. Lago Naki Plateau

The plateau of Lago Naki is simultaneously flowering alpine meadows, river valleys, mysterious caves and real glaciers, so almost everyone can find something for themselves here.

Part of the plateau is part of the Caucasus, and in the Soviet times it ran through the famous path "Through the mountains to the sea." Now it’s easiest to get to these beauties by car from Maikop. A long way to brighten up numerous Observation platforms, located almost all the way to the plateau.

4. Kamchatka

They say that if you want to be born again, you need to go to Kamchatka. Here the world is not ruled by man, but by nature. Among the places that must be seen when you come here are the uninhabited Klyuchevskaya volcano, the Halaktyrsky beach with black sand and the Valley of Geysers.

Local people still advise to swim in the winter in Paratunsky thermal springs – when the snow is around, the contrast with the blue water is brighter. Also right you can ski right on the volcano, the end of the route will take you to the Pacific Ocean.

5. Ples

Ples is the mecca of creative people. This place was glorified by the artist Levitan: in Plyos he painted about 200 of his paintings. Especially good in late September and early October, during the "golden autumn".

It is worth to go for harmony and tranquility. In Plyos, there is not even a public transport, there is no need for a car here either: a great option for traveling around the city.